Tuesday, February 23, 2010
Photoshop At 20
Insiders at Adobe discuss the evolution of software that has become as vital to photography as a lens
The one thing we can be sure of is that the next 20 years will involve tremendous change in the way photographers interact with their images—probably more change than we’ve seen over the last 20 years. However Photoshop evolves along the way, it’s a safe bet that the technology it represents will continue to be the cornerstone of workflow in digital photography. Asked whether he thinks his grand vision can become a reality in the next 20 years, Russell Brown, always one to infuse intrigue and suspense, perhaps does the best job of providing an accurate sense of what’s to come for Photoshop. As he puts it, “You’re going to be surprised.”
|A Brief History Of Photoshop|
|1987: Thomas Knoll develops Display while a graduate student at the University of Michigan. Designed to display black-and-white images on a computer screen, the program was the seedling that would eventually grow into Photoshop.
1988: The original Display software becomes ImagePro and is distributed with film scanners by Barneyscan. Adobe licenses the distribution rights, and the product is renamed Photoshop.
1990: Photoshop 1.0 is released for the Macintosh.
1991: Photoshop 2.0 is released (still Macintosh-only). The key new feature is Paths, which enables the creation of complex vector shapes.
1992: An update to version 2.5 brings Photoshop to the Windows platform.
1994: Layers is introduced to Photoshop in version 3.0, and tabbed palettes make their debut. Composite imaging has arrived in Photoshop.
1996: Nondestructive editing is enabled via adjustment layers with the launch of Photoshop 4.0. Actions are added to enable efficient processing of large collections of images.
1998: Photoshop 5.0 is released. New features include color management support, multiple undo via the History palette and the Magnetic Lasso selection tool.
1999: Photoshop 5.5 gives a nod to the increasing importance of the web, with the new Save for Web feature and the bundling of ImageReady. The Extract filter is added as a tool to remove backgrounds behind complex subjects.
2000: Photoshop 6.0 adds Layer Styles, a Blending Options dialog box, a Liquify filter and Vector Shapes. The user interface receives a significant update.
2002: The Healing Brush makes an impact with Photoshop 7.0. A completely new engine for the painting tools adds power and flexibility. Adobe Camera Raw is released as an optional plug-in.
2003: Photoshop CS, rebranded as part of the Creative Suite, is released. Adobe Camera Raw is integrated with Photoshop. New features include the Shadows/Highlights adjustment, a real-time Histogram palette and the Lens Blur filter.
2005: Photoshop CS2 is unveiled with an updated Adobe Camera Raw, Smart Objects, a Spot Healing Brush, a Red Eye tool, Lens Correction and Smart Sharpen filters. High Dynamic Range (HDR) imaging is supported for the first time.
2007: Photoshop CS3 includes a new Extended version. Features are aimed at the scientific community, 3D artists and other advanced users. The new Quick Selection arrives, Smart Filters are added to enable the nondestructive application of many filter effects, and the Black & White adjustment layer is added.
2008: The user interface gets another major overhaul with Photoshop CS4, with
performance and usability enhancements offered by GPU acceleration support. The Adjustments panel replaces individual dialog boxes for most adjustment layers.
2010: Twenty years after the release of Photoshop 1.0, photographers around the world anticipate the next release of Photoshop....
Tim Grey has authored over a dozen books on digital photography and imaging for photographers, including the bestselling Photoshop CS4 Workflow. He also publishes the Digital Darkroom Quarterly newsletter and the Ask Tim Grey eNewsletter. Visit www.timgrey.com.
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